Sep 29, 2016 the diseases spreading through contaminated water are known as waterborne diseases. Water borne diseases prepared by samira fattah assis. Surveys of various national agencies see below under. Human diseases pdf download notes for ssc cgl 2017,upsc,nda.
Included here is a selection of graphics that cover a range of topics with links to relevant stories and updates. Greater than 80% of cases are among children under five years old. Transmission and preventation of waterrelated diseases. The spread of contaminated water is likely to happen where private and public drinking systems get their water such as surface waters creeks, rivers, lakes, and rain. Infectious waterborne diseases, which discusses 36 infectious diseases of man that can be or are strongly suspected of being transmitted by water. Our new crystalgraphics chart and diagram slides for powerpoint is a collection of over impressively designed datadriven chart and editable diagram s guaranteed to impress any audience. Waterrelated diseases are a human tragedy, killing millions of people each year account for 80% of all deaths in developing countries. Introduction drinking water is a major source of microbial pathogens in developing countries. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the cdc website the centers for disease control and prevention cdc cannot attest to the accuracy of a nonfederal website. Clean water plays a very important part for reducing the spread of water borne diseases. Agents, diseases and types of exposures are well documented, but the relationship between them is.
Infections can be spread by bathing, washing, drinking, in. Waterborne diseases fact sheet a fact sheet providing more details about waterborne diseases can be downloaded by clicking on the file on the right. I classification of waterrelated disease r stanwellsmith encyclopedia of life support systems eolss or on food poisoning. Griffith, in understanding consumers of food products, 2007. This involves with bacterial, viral or protozoan organisms. These diseases can be spread while bathing, washing, drinking water, or by eating. Jul 20, 2017 waterborne diseases are caused by a variety of microorganisms, biotoxins, and toxic contaminants, which lead to devastating illnesses such as cholera, schistosomiasis and other gastrointestinal problems.
Which of the following disease appears frequently in epidemic form in ethiopia. Water borne diseases are caused by recreational or drinking water contaminated by diseasecausing microbes or pathogens. I transmission and preventation of waterrelated diseases j. Waterborne diseases remain as leading causes of human morbidity and mortality worldwide. Yet other important classes of water borne diseases are caused by metazoan parasites. Over the past decades, the picture of water related human health issues has become increasingly comprehensive, with the emergence of new water related infection diseases and the reemergence of ones already known. The interruption of transmission is achieved by proper treatment of drinking water. Children in this age group suffer from an average of 2. Ncezid creates graphics to increase awareness of our work to protect people from domestic and global infectious disease threats. Combating waterborne disease at the household level international network to promote household water treatment and safe storage, world health organization. Zoonoses are diseases caused by microorganisms of animal origin that also infect humans. Which of the following is not a water borne disease a. Ppt waterborne diseases powerpoint presentation free.
Jan 11, 2017 apart from being a universal solvent, water is also a medium for the transmission of several infectious diseases. Foodborne disease an overview sciencedirect topics. Over the past decades, the picture of water related human health. Foodborne and waterborne disease outbreaks united states, 19712012. Also, care must be taken when selecting a water purification device.
Scallan, in foodborne diseases third edition, 2017. Waterborne diseases are any illness caused by drinking water, which contain pathogenic microorganisms. If potable water drinking water is contaminated with pathogens of diseases such as cholera, diarhhoea, hepatitis or jaundice, it reaches a healthy person upon consuming such water. Waterborne diseases, such as cholera and typhoid, are the diseases that are transmitted through drinking water. It has water, which covers threefourths of its surface. Waterborne diseases classification and relationship with. Contaminated drinking water used in the preparation of. Foodborne diseases are illnesses that result from ingestion of contaminated food. Though usually found in both recreational and drinking water, the virus also transmits through dirty swimming water, uncooked contaminated food, and close contact with infected people or animals.
Pdf download a simple guide to water borne diseases free. Introduction ithe classification of waterrelated disease poses particular problems. The diseases spreading through contaminated water are known as waterborne diseases. The data must be interpreted cautiously, as differences between countries are likely to reflect the efficiency of surveillance systems rather than differences in outbreaks, and data were available for only 14 countries. Worlds best powerpoint templates crystalgraphics offers more powerpoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from. Water borne diseases spread by contaminating drinking water systems with feces and urine of infected animals or people. The group most at risk of water borne diseases are. Of note, many waterborne pathogens can also be acquired by consuming contaminated food or beverages, from contact with animals or their environment, or through persontoperson spread. Quick encyclopedia of life support systems eolss year. Water borne diseases diseases caused by ingestion of water, contaminated by, human or animal excrement, containing various pathogenic microorganisms. Clean water plays a very important part for reducing the spread of waterborne diseases. Waterborne diseases are conditions caused by pathogenic microorganisms that are transmitted in water.
The contamination of water may be due to bacterial, viral or protozoan organisms. Waterborne diseases are the ones caused by pathogenic microbes spread via contaminated water. Ppt water borne diseases powerpoint presentation free to. Air borne and water borne diseases list of high impact.
Despite awareness that the main waterborne diseases are not caused only by bacterial pathogens, in brazil, as well as in many countries all over the world, the water quality is only. Ed schroeder, stefan wuertz, in handbook of water and wastewater microbiology, 2003. Feb 27, 2019 water borne diseases are the ones caused by pathogenic microbes spread via contaminated water. Transmission of these pathogens occurs while using infected water for. More than 250 different foodborne hazards have been recognized including infectious bacteria, viruses and parasites, and noninfectious chemicals and toxins. Working to monitor, prevent and control diseases in arizona through education, immunization and research. Despite numerous efforts by government at various levels and other agencies interested in water and its safety, waterborne diseases are still a major public health and environmental concern.
Transmission of these pathogens occurs while using infected water for drinking, food preparation, and. Infections can be spread by bathing, washing, drinking, in the preparation of food, or the consumption of food thus infected. Thus, water contaminated with pathogenic bacteria can lead to the. Chart and diagram slides for powerpoint beautifully designed chart and diagram s for powerpoint with visually stunning graphics and animation effects. Water related diseases are classified into four types relating to the path of transmission. Gastroenteritis, jaundice, typhoid fever, cholera and diarrhea are some very. Prevention of water borne diseases with the onset of summers come waterborne diseases.
Water related diseases who recognizes that access to adequate water supplies is a fundamental human right. Adhs waterborne diseases are caused by ingesting or coming into contact with and. In spite of philosophical difficulties associated with defining viruses as organisms, it is practical and convenient to regard them as microorganisms in this connection. Contaminated drinking water used in the preparation of food cancontaminated drinking water used in the preparation of food can be the source of food borne disease through consumption of the same microorganisms.
About 97 per cent of earths water, unfit for human consumption. Various other waterborne diseases are caused by viruses. Waterborne diseases are caused by a variety of microorganisms, biotoxins, and toxic contaminants, which lead to devastating illnesses such as cholera, schistosomiasis and. Waterborne diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms and most commonly transmitted through contaminated fresh water. Scribd is the worlds largest social reading and publishing site. Waterborne diseases an overview sciencedirect topics. Water borne diseases diseases caused by ingestion of water, contaminated by, human or animal excrement. Water borne diseases are any illness caused by drinking water, which contain pathogenic microorganisms.
International network to promote household water treatment and safe storage. Waterrelated diseases are a human tragedy, killing millions of. Division of foodborne, waterborne, and environmental diseases, national center for emerging and zoonotic infectious diseases, cdc. Ppt waterborne diseases powerpoint presentation free to. Outbreaks of waterborne diseases often occur after a severe precipitation event rainfall, snowfall. The infection is caused due to drinking water, or may be a chance of occurring from swimming water, by these two ways. To prevent food and water borne diseases, backcountry users need to decide what types of food to take on a trip, and how food will be stored and prepared.
Water borne diseases free download as powerpoint presentation. A fact sheet providing more details about waterborne diseases can be downloaded by clicking on the file on the right. Number of reported outbreaks of diseases arising from drinkingwater in selected european countries, 20002007 source. Some important terms to rememberhuman diseases pdf download notes for ssc cgl 2017,upsc,nda,cds. Of the 36 diseases, 12 are caused by bacteria, 4 are caused by viruses, 19 are caused by parasites, and 1 has numerous infectious agents. Zoonoses are of increasing concern for human health. Technical guidance on water related disease surveillance page i preface the importance of the impact of water related diseases on human health has been recognized as a major threat to sustainable human development in some international forums, including the millennium development goals, the world summit on sustainable development johannesburg. Water vector diseases, such as malaria, are diseases that are transmitted by a.
In most cases, food borne and water borne diseases may be prevented by implementing. It is well recognized that the prevalence of water borne diseases can be greatly decreased by providing clean drinking water and ensuring safe disposal of feces. Foodborne and waterborne disease outbreaks united states. Water borne diseases hygiene wash free 30day trial. Technical guidance on waterrelated disease surveillance page i preface the importance of the impact of waterrelated diseases on human health has been recognized as a major threat to. If potable water drinking water is contaminated with pathogens of diseases such as cholera, diarhhoea, hepatitis or jaundice, it reaches a healthy person upon consuming such. Because climate change increases the severity and frequency of some major precipitation. Water borne diseases are more prevalent in underdeveloped or developing countries, where access to clean water is restricted due to scarcity, insufficient or improper water treatment solutions, and water pollution. Foodborne disease has emerged as an important and growing public. Ppt water borne diseases powerpoint presentation free. Ensuring universal access to water and sanitation, the major preventive action for preventing these diseases, is one of the united nations sustainable development goals for 2030.1254 1011 260 662 304 1361 1285 1068 1039 1347 1634 1227 495 384 957 1047 963 920 1141 669 657 1054 287 425 206 316 61 529 1237 77 97 385 1451 176 614